Rheumatoid Arthritis Epidemiology

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a clinical condition that is characterized by pains in the joints in different parts of the body. It occurs in response to certain inflammatory triggers, and an autoimmune response ensues that result in joint inflammation and synovial overgrowth. It is classed as a chronic systemic inflammatory disorder. In…

Osteoporosis is a Disease of the Bone

Osteoporosis is a disease of the bone that is characterized by loss of bone mass and mineral content, resulting in them become a lot thinner and brittle making them susceptible to fractures from minimal trauma. It is a common problem amongst elderly patients, though it can occur as a result…

Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Abdominal Pain

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a clinical condition characterised by altered bowel habits and abdominal pain without the presence of any underlying bowel pathology. It is a fairly common condition and reports by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence in the UK have estimated the prevalence in the general population…

Shingles is a Viral Infection that is caused by Varicella Zoster Virus

Shingles is a viral infection that is caused by Varicella zoster virus. It is characterized by a painful lesions (vesicles) and a rash along the distribution of a nerve or nerves, and occurs due to reactivation of the virus that has lain dormant in the body since a childhood attack…

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a worldwide public health problem that affects millions of people. There are primarily two types – Type I and Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Epidemiological studies estimate that nearly 3 million people in the United Kingdom and nearly 26 million people in the United States have type 2…